The winning team was made up of members of two groups: “p4” and “Dragon Sector”, and friends of experts specializing in developing technologies used in space, e.g. as part of the PW-Sat 2 project. The following places on the podium were taken by the teams “SpaceBitsRUs” and “Solar Wine.”
“The victory of ‘Poland Can Into Space,’ comments Sebastian Kondraszuk, the head of the CERT Polska team, is the merit of absolutely all members of this team, but understandably, I am particularly pleased with the significant contribution of the current and former members of the CERT Polska team. However, the most important thing is something else – the next edition of this competition proves that such meetings and rivalries make sense. Creating truly safe solutions and building an effective CERT team is impossible without constant exercises and fighting real and artificially simulated threats. Increasingly, there will also be threats in some way related to space, so we have to prepare ourselves as best as possible for them. ‘
First-place winners received $50,000 for split, while the second and third-place prizes were $30,000, and $20,000, respectively.
The “Hack-A-Sat” competition is organized by the United States Air Force (USAF) and Space Force (USSF) and is technically supported by Cromulence. Participation in the competition is open, so all interested specialists in cybersecurity activities can participate in it. The competition organizers declare that its goal is to „inspire the greatest talents in the field of cybersecurity to develop the skills necessary to reduce vulnerability and build safer space systems.” The opportunity to exchange experiences between specialists in cybersecurity and space technologies, thanks to which it will be possible to design safer software for satellites in the future, is also extremely important.
“Hack-A-Sat” is a “Capture the Flag” competition, which this year was conducted online in the “Attack-Defense” formula, testing both the defensive and offensive skills of participants. The reported teams were to defend the assigned “virtual” satellite, properly operating it and ensuring it was working correctly. It consisted, among other things, of communicating with him, calculating the correct trajectory, precisely positioning the antennas, and maintaining a positive energy balance by adequately setting the solar panels. At the same time, it was also necessary to attack the satellites of other teams and try to destabilize them. It was also required to thoroughly analyze the satellite’s software and find any security gaps when attacking other groups and defense activities.
The third success in a row
It is worth recalling that it was not the first success of the “Poland Can Into Space” team in a competition organized by the American army. During the first edition of “Hack-A-Sat” in 2020, Poles took 2nd place at the qualifying stage and 3rd in the final competition. They finished the qualifying stage in 1st place a year later, although they were ultimately second in the last. However, the experience gained paid off now. During this year’s edition of “Hack-A-Sat,” the “Poland Can Into Space” team dominated the qualifying stage and the final competition, ultimately winning the entire competition.
Almost 500 teams from all over the world had to be beaten to get to the finals. Eight teams competed in the final: apart from Poland, four American, one Swiss, one French, and one German. The Polish team won, slightly ahead of the American group „SpaceBitsRUs,” which consists of experts from Northrop Grumman – the company responsible for designing and constructing the James Webb space telescope.
In a year, it’s really in space
The experience gained during the competition during the previous editions is used in designing and constructing the Moonlighter satellite, carried out by the United States Space Forces. Its primary function will be to expand further the knowledge and skills of researchers in securing space systems, i.e., to put it bluntly – it is supposed to be as resistant to hacker attacks as possible.
Notably, the launch of the satellite is planned for 2023, so during the 4th edition of „Hack-A-Sat,” competition participants will already use the device located in space. Next year, the participation formula will also change – the qualifications will remain remote, while the final will be held in Las Vegas.